Continuous community consultation, benefit sharing, and interagency coordination are vital to create social acceptance for SLS construction. The Nepalgunj SLS construction was successful due to continuous community engagement, cooperation among political leaders, and early implementation of a community development program targeted to community living near the SLS. The SLSs in Janakpur and Siddharthanagar had to be dropped, however, as nearby communities did not allow their construction. Due to haphazard operation of existing SLSs and dumping sites, there is growing NIMBY (not in my backyard) syndrome among the public towards SWM facilities. Discord among local political leaders during implementation, inadequate coordination at inter-local level, and political misunderstanding disrupted stakeholder engagement and contributed to the two sites’ cancellation.
Integrated Urban Development Project